The Religious Roots of Alcoholics Anonymous|
and the Twelve Steps
by A. Orange
Chapter 28: Frank Buchman's New York World Telegram Interview
Here is the entire text of the famous World Telegram interview where
Frank Buchman declared, "I thank heaven for a man like Adolf Hitler..."
HITLER OR ANY FASCIST LEADER CONTROLLED BY GOD COULD CURE
ALL ILLS OF WORLD, BUCHMAN BELIEVES
By William A. H. Birnie,
World-Telegram Staff Writer
To Dr Frank Nathan Daniel Buchman, vigorous, outspoken, 58-year-old
leader of the revivalist Oxford Group, the Fascist dictatorships of
Europe suggest infinite possibilities for remaking the world and
putting it under "God Control".
"I thank Heaven for a man like Adolf Hitler, who
built a front line of defense against the anti-Christ of
Communism, " he said today in his book-lined office in
the annexe of Calvary Church, Fourth Ave and 21st St.
"My barber in London told me Hitler saved Europe from Communism.
That's how he felt. Of course, I don't condone everything the Nazis do.
Anti-Semitism? Bad, naturally. I suppose Hitler sees a
Karl Marx in every Jew.
"But think what it would mean to the world if Hitler
surrendered to the control of God. Or Mussolini. Or
any dictator. Through such a man God could control a
nation overnight and solve every last, bewildering
Dr Buchman, who is directing an Oxford house-party tonight at the Lenox,
Mass. estate of Mrs Harriet Pullman Schermerhorn, returned from Europe
aboard the Queen Mary, after attending Oxford meetings in England
and the Olympic Games in Berlin.
A small, portly man, who doesn't smoke or drink and listens quietly to "God's
plans" for a half hour or so every day, usually before breakfast, Dr Buchman
talked easily about world affairs while eight or nine Oxfordites — good-looking
young fellows in tweeds — sat on the floor and listened.
"The world needs the dictatorship of the living spirit of God,"
he said and smiled, adjusting his rimless glasses and smoothing the
graying hair on the back of his head.
"I like to put it this way. God is a perpetual broadcasting station
and all you need to do is tune in. What we need is a
supernatural network of live wires across the world to every
last man, in every last place, in every last situation...
"The world won't listen to God but God has a plan for every
person, for every nation. Human ingenuity is not enough.
That is why the isms are pitted against each other and blood
"Spain has taught us what godless Communism will bring.
Who would have dreamed that nuns would be running naked in the streets?
Human problems aren't economic. They're
moral and they can't be solved by immoral measures.
They could be solved within a God-controlled
democracy, or perhaps I should say a theocracy, and
they could be solved through a God-controlled Fascist
He looked around the room at the eight or nine young men drinking in
his words, and straightened the crimson rose in his button hole.
"Suppose we here were all God-controlled and we became the Cabinet,"
he said. "You" — pointing at the reporter, who seldom ventures
off the pavements of Manhattan — "You would take over agriculture.
You" — a Princeton graduate beamed — "would be Mr Hull. Eric
here, who has been playing around with a prominent Canadian who's Cabinet
would be something else, and this young lawyer would run the
"Then in a God-controlled nation, capital and labour would discuss
their problems peacefully and reach God-controlled solutions. Yes, business
would be owned by individuals, not by the State, but the owners would be
The Oxford Group has no official membership lists, no centralised organisation,
but Dr Buchman estimated that "literally millions" listened in to
his recent world broadcast from the meeting in England attended by 15,000
"God runs them," he smiled. "Don't you say every day,
Give us this day our daily bread? And don't you receive?"
The group is built on the simple thesis that there is a divine plan for the
world and that human beings, with faith and devotion, can receive God-given
guidance in a "quiet time" of communion. Most Oxfordites write
down their guidance and then check it against the "four absolutes"
— absolute honesty, absolute purity, absolute unselfishness, absolute love.
"Those are Christ's standards," Dr Buchman explained. "We
believe that human nature itself can be changed by them. We believe in
answering revolution by more revolution — but revolution within the individual,
and through the individual, revolution in the nation, and, through the nation,
revolution in the world. It's as simple as that — Christian simplicity.
And it's fun, too. We call each other by our first names and our meetings
are always informal.
"I held meetings at the Republican and Democratic conventions. What
Washington needs is God-control. Landon talks about divine guidance. Why
doesn't he apply it? And the finest thing Roosevelt ever said was this —
'I doubt if there exists any problem, political or economic, which would
not melt before the fire of spiritual awakening'.
"Oxford is not a one-way ticket to heaven, although that's a splendid
thing and lots of people need it. It's a national ticket, too.
That's the ticket we should vote in this coming election — God's ticket."
Dr Buchman is unmarried, a graduate of Muhlenberg College, which awarded
him a doctorate of divinity in 1926. He said he was "changed" —
Oxfordites use the word to mean complete surrender to God control — by
a gradual process.
"I was in England and I began to realise I was a sinner and there
was an abyss between Christ and me," he said.
"I was resenting my lost power and I was confessing others' sins
when the real problem was mine. Then I went to church.
"A vision of the Cross. Of Christ on the Cross. An actual vision.
I was changed then, but I've been changing ever since. A little even
today, I suppose."
"And when was the vision, Dr Buchman?"
"Let's see," he said, and rustled some pamphlets in his hand.
"Let's see — what year was the vision?"
He looked around at the faces turned toward him. "What year was the
vision?" he repeated. One of the young men spoke up. "1908, wasn't it,
Dr Buchman smiled at him.
"Of course," he said. "That was it. 1908."
1 Sic. There may be an error in the transcription, or a misprint, here.
Elsewhere in the interview a few obvious misprints have been corrected.
[Tom Driberg's words]
The New York World Telegram, August 26, 1936, quoted in
The Mystery of Moral Re-Armament; A Study of
Frank Buchman and His Movement, Tom Driberg, 1965, pages 68-71.
Buchman was slick. Look at how he tantalized his young followers with hints
that they would end up running the country, being Members of the Cabinet,
in his "God-controlled" world.
Also note how Buchman used the propaganda and debating trick of
Argueing From Adverse Consequences:
"nuns running naked through the streets".
Buchman implied that we must have a strong fascist leader running
our country, or else "the godless Communists" will
make nuns run naked through the streets.
Frank Buchman certainly knew how to use propaganda tricks.
Next: Reinhold Niebuhr article
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Last updated 22 April 2009.
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